Connect with us

K-P

Karakoram glaciers may lose mass: research study

Published

on



PESHAWAR:

A new study, exploring the famous `Karakoram Anomaly’, did not support the notion that claims stability or anomalous growth of glaciers in the central Karakoram region, and indicated that in contrast to the predictions made in previous studies, temperature increased during the last decade, causing loss of glacial mass and more flooding in future.

Titled as `Climate Change and spatio-temporal trend analysis of climate extremes in the homogeneous climatic zones of Pakistan during 1962-2019′, the study is conducted under the Asia Pacific Network for Global Change Research (APN) project and is published in PLos One, an inclusive journal that receives submissions from 207 countries and published 200,000 research based articles since 2004. “The findings indicates that in contrast to previous studies in the Karakoram region, temperature has increased in the last decade, providing an updated, indirect status of the Karakoram anomaly,” shares Dr Shaukat Ali, a PhD scholar on Meteorology and head of APN project who led the research study.

Advertisement

The study is authored by Firdos Khan from NUST institute while other scholars are Christoph Mayer, a German Scientist on Glacier Studies, Hamdullah and Sher Muhammad of ICIMOD. “The Karakoram glaciers may no longer be stable and lose mass in the future due to increase in temperature,” warns Dr Shaukat Ali. “Karakoram Anomaly is a notion made by some scientists that in contrast to the retreat of glaciers in nearby mountainous ranges of Himalayas and other in the world, the Karakoram glaciers are stable and growing,” Shaukat explains.

From 1960 to 1990, there was slide decrease in temperature in the Karakoram region, but in last ten years the trend changed in the region. The latest findings suggested that the glacier may lose mass in future; rather than gaining or stable conditions and there will be more flooding in the country, he added. In the Karakoram region, temperature decreased significantly also precipitation increased significantly in this region except a significant decrease in Gilgit. However, precipitation and temperature have increasing trend during the most recent period (2010-2019), which do not support the notion of Karakoram Anomaly.

The objective of the study is to investigate the changes in climate and climate extremes by considering two time slices (i.e., 1962-1990 and 1991-2019) in all climate zones of Pakistan by utilizing observed data from 54 meteorological stations. Different statistical methods and techniques were applied on observed station data to assess changes in temperature, precipitation and spatio-temporal trends of climatic extremes over Pakistan from 1962 to 2019. The Mann-Kendal test demonstrated increasing precipitation (DJF) and decreasing maximum and minimum temperatures (JJA) at the meteorological stations located in the Karakoram region during 1962-1990.

The decadal analysis, on the other hand, showed a decrease in precipitation during 1991-2019 and an increase in temperature (maximum and minimum) during 2010-2019, which is consistent with the recently observed slight mass loss of glaciers related to the Karakoram Anomaly. The target location of the study was divided in five zones of which zone one was cold regions including northern and central-western parts of the country. Zone 2 comprised of Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT), some parts of AzadJammu and Kashmir and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa which is part of the monsoon dominated region and receive maximum rainfall during the monsoon season. Zone 3 is the south-western part of the country and has least rainfall in a year as compared to the other regions of the country.

Zone 4 includes the southeastern and coastal areas in the south of the country. While Zone 5 is the centraleastern part of the country and due to its fertile land, it is considering the food basket of the country. The researchers observed daily climate data (maximum, minimum temperature and precipitation) for the period of 1962-2019 acquired from the Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD) for 54 meteorological stations across the country.

Advertisement

The spatial distribution of meteorological stations’ data was divided into two independent climatic periods (1962-1990 and 1991-2019) for the assessment of climate change and extremes analysis over Pakistan. Climate extremes related to temperature and precipitation were calculated for both time slices. To assess the changes in climate extremes, probability density functions were drawn and a comparison is made between them, Dr Shaukat notes.



Continue Reading
Advertisement
Click to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

K-P

Taliban cleric killed in blast in Kabul

Published

on

By



KABUL/
PESHAWAR:

A prominent Taliban cleric, Sheikh Rahimullah Haqqani, was killed in an attack in a seminary in Kabul when the attacker detonated explosives hidden in a plastic artificial leg on Thursday, according to officials and Taliban sources.

“Very sadly informed that respected cleric (Sheikh Rahimullah Haqqani) was martyred in a cowardly attack by enemies,” said Bilal Karimi, a spokesperson for the Taliban administration.

Advertisement

It was not immediately clear who was behind the blast.

Four Taliban sources told Reuters the attacker was someone who had previously lost his leg and had hidden the explosives in a plastic artificial leg.

“We are investigating who this … person was and who had brought him to this important place to enter the personal office of Sheikh Rahimullah Haqqani. It’s a very huge loss for the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan,” said one senior Taliban official of the interior ministry, referring to the group’s name for its administration.

Haqqani was a prominent cleric in the Taliban who had survived previous attacks, including a large blast in the northern Pakistani city of Peshawar in 2020 claimed by the Dai’sh that killed at least seven people.

The Taliban say they have restored security since they took over as foreign forces withdrew almost a year ago. However, regular attacks, many of them claimed by Dai’sh, have taken place in recent months, often targeting religious and ethnic minorities as well as Taliban leaders.

Advertisement



Continue Reading

K-P

Motion on lawlessness submitted

Published

on

By



PESHAWAR/
TIMARGARA:

Member Provincial Assembly (MPA) from PK-12 Dir Upper and senior Jammat-e-Islami (JI) leader Inayatullah Khan has submitted an adjournment motion against the increasing lawlessness in Lower Dir district as well as Malakand region in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (K-P) Assembly.

“The law and order situation in the former Fata, Swat and Malakand Division is deteriorating causing unrest among the locals so I submit this motion,” says the written application submitted to the speaker.

Advertisement

“Lawlessness has once again returned to these districts evident from the target killings as well as kidnaping of police officials and broad daylight attack at MPA Liaqat Ali in which four innocent people lost their lives, resulting in panic and unrest among the local population naturally,” says the motion.

He requested the speaker that his adjournment motion should be accepted for a debate so that the facts about Malakand Division and other districts could be brought before the public.

Protests against law and order situation

Widespread protests continued on the third consecutive day across Lower Dir district against the return of militants to the area as participants demanded of the government to maintain law and order situation in the region and take strict action against the insurgents.

The entire district has been in the grip of fears that militancy will return to the region after the deadly attack at PTI MPA Liaqat Ali which left four people dead including a brother and nephew of the MPA and two of his police guards. Liaqat Ali himself was critically injured in the attack.

Advertisement

Rumours are abound that MPA Liaqat was targeted when he refused to pay extortion to militants despite the fact that there is no confirmation from the family.

Soon after the attack on Monday Awami National Party (ANP) staged a protest against the increasing lawlessness in the district and demanded of the police, government and security forces to take steps to maintain law and order in the entire region.

On Tuesday workers of all political parties brought out processions. The criticized the return of militants to the region and blamed that government was not taking serious steps to control the situation.

Thousands of people attended these protests.

On Wednesday another large protest was held in Timargara in which thousands of local residents participated.

Advertisement

The protesters said that the kidnaping of four policemen in Matta Swat was not a good omen for the entire region.

They blamed that the area had been handed over to militants after a deal which is not acceptable to them.

“We will not accept the handing over of the region to militants so that they could impose their own rule and extract money from the locals,” said a local elder on the condition of anonymity.

He said that no one will be allowed to do deadly experiments on this soil.

“Militants are roaming freely in the hills creating unrest among the locals as well as administration. They have sent a group to Swat and another one to Buner. These militants are fully armed,” he said, adding that chief minister was silent on all these developments in his home district of Swat.

Advertisement

Published in The Express Tribune, August 11th, 2022.



Continue Reading

K-P

Three teenage friends shot dead in Swabi

Published

on

By



SWABI:

In a shocking development, three teenage friends were put to death by unidentified persons whose bodies were found in a graveyard in Swabi on Monday.

Police told The Express Tribune that in Jalsai village in Chota Lahore three youngsters were found shot. Complainant Fazal Ghani lodged an FIR with Lahore police station, stating that on Monday morning he was informed that his 19-year-old son Shah Swar was lying dead in Shaheed Baba graveyard in Jalsai village.

Advertisement

“When I reached there I found him dead along with 18-year-old Murad and Waqar. All of them were friends and residents of Jalsai village. They had been shot. I don’t know who killed them as they had no personal enmity with anyone,” he said.

Police said that local residents spotted the bodies of three youngsters in the graveyard and police shifted them to Bacha Khan Medical Complex (BKMC) for autopsy.

An investigation team was formed to look into the case.

“These boys always stayed together and they had no family or personal feud. This is a mysterious and blind murder case at the moment but with the passage of time we are hopeful that this case will be solved,” said an official of the local police station, adding that the mobile numbers of the three had been obtained and police was working on it.



Advertisement

Continue Reading
Advertisement

Trending

Copyright © 2012 Pakistan-sports.com.